蜘蛛貿易恐釀生態災難

各地科學家發現在不受監控的情況下,有約1,264種蛛形綱動物被廣泛在網絡上販賣,當中約有67%是野生捕獲的。蛛形綱動物包括蜘蛛、蝎子及盲蛛,因為牠們體積細小,亦無法被檢測器檢測得到,很容易被成功走私。蛛形綱動物的分布非常廣泛,但對於牠們的研究實在太少,很多物種缺乏基本資料、分布或保育情況等,無法評估全球蛛形綱動物貿易對生態造成的的影響。

Scientists discovered extensive unmonitored global arachnid trade of 1264 species on the Internet, with 67% of them captured from the wild. Arachnids includes spiders, scorpions and harvestmen; due to their small size, they are unable to detect by x-ray or thermal cameras, and make it easy to smuggle around the world. Arachnids are very diversified but lack of study; many of them do not have basic details, distribution or conservation status data; further research is needed to understand the impact of such large global arachnids trade.

https://www.wired.com/story/the-online-spider-market-is-massive-and-crawling-with-issues/

磨擦珊瑚自救皮膚病

研究人員發現,紅海地區的印太瓶鼻海豚在皮膚受感染時,會用身體摩擦珊瑚。通過摩擦,這些珊瑚會釋放出含有抗菌作用的活性代謝物粘液。這些海豚甚至懂得用特定的珊瑚物種來摩擦身體的不同部位。

Researchers discovered Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins in the northern Red Sea will rub themselves against corals when they suffer from irritated skin. By rubbing these corals, they will released mucus that contain different antibacterial compounds. The dolphins even appear to rub different areas of their body with particular corals species as well.

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/dolphins-rub-against-mucus-oozing-corals-to-soothe-skin/

熱浪導致雀鳥脫水墮地

近月印度的熱浪導致水源枯竭。在古吉拉特邦,每天有幾十隻脫水的雀鳥如鷹、鴿子等從空中墜落。當地氣溫一直高達 40°C,預計本月將達到50°C;世界各地人類造成的氣候變化引發這些極端天氣,大自然及人類都同樣受害。

heatwave in India has dried up water sources in the past months. in Gujarat state, dozens of dehydrated birds like kites, pigeons are falling from the sky daily. the temperatures has been above 40°C and were expected to reach 50°C this month; these extreme weathers are result of climate change caused by human around the world.

https://www.businessinsider.co.za/india-birds-fall-from-sky-india-amid-record-122f-heatwave-2022-5

出售入侵小龍蝦被捕

美國俄亥俄州一名女子承認出售入侵物種大理石紋螯蝦到36個州,將面臨最多一年監禁及高達100,000 罰款。這些螯蝦常被用作觀賞、寵物糧食及魚餌等,牠們能夠單性繁殖而且速度快,已入侵多國生態系統,但僅於美國部份州被禁止。

a woman in Ohio pleaded guilty to selling invasive marbled crayfish across 36 states; she is facing a maximum penalty of one year jail time and up to $100,000 in fines. Marbled crayfish are often sell for aquarium use, as fishing baits or pet food. female marbled crayfish can reproduce on its own and in a fast rate; this species is an invasive species in many countries, but it is only prohibited in some states in the US.

https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/energy-environment/ohio-woman-pleads-guilty-to-selling-invasive-crayfish-across-36-states

 

地雷搜索犬

一隻兩歲的傑克羅素犬 Patron ,自俄羅斯襲擊以來,已成功替烏克蘭搜索出 200 多枚爆炸物及地雷。 牠成為烏克蘭的英雄,並因其出色的表現而被總統授予獎章。

A two-year old jack Russel dog, Patron, has helped detect over 200 explosives and landmines in Ukraine since Russias attack. It became an Ukrainian hero and was awarded a medal by their president for its great work.

https://www.newsnationnow.com/world/russia-at-war/ukraines-mine-sniffing-dog-given-medal/

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