誤食遊客垃圾窒息而死

美國一個動物園,有一隻林羚因誤食塑膠瓶蓋而窒息死亡。塑膠瓶蓋來自可擠壓的袋裝飲品;動物園禁止遊客攜帶這種包裝飲品以及塑膠吸管、玻璃瓶等進入園區,因為這些物品對動物的安全有潛在風險。動物園獸醫無法取出這隻 7 歲林羚誤食的瓶蓋。野生林羚棲息於非洲中部,一般可活達 22 歲。

A Sitatunga antelope choked to death after consuming a plastic cap in a zoo in the USA. the plastic cap was from a squeezable pouch; the zoo prohibits visitors from bringing these food pouches as well as other items like plastic straws and glass bottles because of the potential risk to their animal’s safety. Zoo veterinarians were unable to remove the cap in the 7-year-old antelope. Sitatunga antelopes are found in the wild in central Africa, and can live up to 22 years

https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2024/06/13/antelope-tennessee-zoo-chokes-death/

過度開發威脅尼泊爾水獺

在尼泊爾,水獺因過度開發而面臨威脅。缺乏污水處理、農業農藥、工業廢物等,對河川、溪流及湖泊等淡水生境造成污染。建設水壩及過度捕撈亦減少了牠們的食物資源。現時有江獺 (Lutrogale perspicillata) 及歐亞水獺 (Lutra lutra)兩種淡水水獺棲息於尼泊爾。

In Nepal, otters are facing threats due to overexploitation. Lack of sewage treatment, agricultural pesticides, industrial wastes, and contributing pollution to rivers, streams and lakes. Hydropower projects and overfishing are reducing their food sources as well. There are two species of freshwater otters live in Nepal, the smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) and  the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra).

https://news.mongabay.com/2024/05/on-world-otter-day-an-uphill-struggle-for-these-creatures-in-nepal/

游艇擾亂鼠海豚捕獵

研究發現,游艇對港灣鼠海豚的捕獵活動造成擾亂。這些鼠海豚花60% 的時間在捕獵小魚以維持能量水平。滑水及釣魚等使用游艇的活動會產生噪音,影響鼠海豚利用迴聲定位來捕獵。研究發現,80% 的時間都有游艇於牠們的棲息地出現。

a study on harbor porpoises discovered motorboats are disrupting their hunting. These porpoises spend 60% of their time hunting small fish to maintain their energy level. However, human activities with motorboats like water skiing and fishing are creating noise that impact the porpoises to hunt effectively with their echolocation. Study found they were boat noise near 80% of the time.

https://www.earth.com/news/harbor-porpoises-are-being-harmed-by-traffic-from-boats-and-ships/

殺10%極危犀牛判5年

一名男子被捕並承認在 2019-2023 年間殺了 7 隻爪哇犀牛。野生爪哇犀牛只餘下少於70隻,並僅存於一個棲息地-烏戎庫隆國家公園 (Ujung Kulon National Park)。而這名偷獵者在幾年內殺死了該物種的 10%。 許多人認為這判決太輕,不足以阻嚇其他偷獵者捕獵已經極度瀕危的爪哇犀牛。

A man was caught and confessed to killing seven Javan Rhinos between 2019-2023. There are less than 70 Javan Rhinos in the wild living in one remaining habitat, the Ujung Kulon National Park. One single poacher has killed 10% of this species in a few years, and he is only facing a five-year-sentence, which is the legal maximum for poaching in Indonesia. Many thinks this sentence is too light to stop poachers hunting this critically endangered rhino.

https://news.mongabay.com/2024/05/max-sentence-request-for-javan-rhino-poacher-too-low-experts-say/

過50鸕鶿被養殖場合法射殺

在塔斯馬尼亞,一家三文魚養殖場後射殺了 50 多隻鸕鶿。養殖去年獲得許可,能夠以射殺鸕鶿作為“最後的手段”,因為這些鸕鶿會捕食三文魚,對養殖場造成損失。他們的員工聲稱已試圖開槍恐嚇鸕鶿,但沒有成功。另外亦有36 隻鸕鶿被養殖場魚欄的網子纏繞。這些網原本應該防止鳥類進入他們的三文魚欄,但當該公司被問到造成損失是否因網的維護不足或使用過疏的網而引起時,沒有作出回應。

In Tasmania, a salmon farm killed more than 50 great cormorants after they received the permits to shoot the birds as a “last resort” last year because the birds cause damage to their salmons. Their employees claimed they tried to shoot and scare the birds but was not success. There were also 36 birds entangled in the netting covering their salmon pens. the nets were supposed to to prevent birds to enter their salmon pens, but when the company was asked whether the problem was caused by lack of maintenance of the nets, or the used of oversized netting, they did not respond.

https://www.abc.net.au/news/2024-05-21/seabirds-dead-failed-deterrent-method-salmon-farm-tassal/103872468

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